||Two tone flat design not necessary to have depth
||Use of graduation and perception of near and far
|Adverse hair, skin and scalp conditions
||These are examples of conditions that can have an effect on what and how a service is delivered to clients: psoriasis; alopecia; cysts; impetigo; scars; moles
|Basic sectioning technique
||Includes 6 section and 9 section perm
||Ammonium-thioglycollate based product used to pre-soften tight/curly hair prior to winding a perm
||These can include: surface conditioners, including leave-in; penetrating conditioners, including leave-in; scalp treatments, including leave-in
||May include personal aspects of conversations with clients, personal aspects of conversations with colleagues, contents of client records, client and staff personal details such as addresses and telephone numbers, financial aspects of the business, gossip.
||A three strand plait which sits on top of its base. This is also known as a canerow.
||Conditions that indicate a service should not be carried out.
||Tapering hair extensions adds texture and lightness to long, straight hair to blend and soften the overall finish
||Inhibits the growth of disease causing microorganisms (except spores) using chemical agents
||A gentle stroking movement.
|Facial hair shapes
||4.1 Anchor a beard shaped like an anchor from the centre of the bottom lip and around and up the chin.
4.2 Pharaoh a beard starting from the base of the chin. It can be of any length.
4.3 Stubble a neatened, several day, full beard growth.
4.4 Goatee a narrow beard which circles the mouth and chin.
4.5 Curtain rail a narrow beard following the mandible.
4.6 Lip Line moustache a horizontal moustache about the width of a pencil.
4.7 Mexican moustache a moustache following the natural line of the upper lip and extends down towards the chin.
4.8 Pencil moustache a narrow moustache following the natural line of the upper lip.
4.9 Rooftop moustache a moustache that extends from under the nose to form a straight “chevron” shape.
|Factors influencing services
||Anything which could affect the hairdressing service. You will find that these factors have been listed in the range statement for each outcome.
||This is known as a Congo plait or Guinea plait. It is a single, inverted plait.
||A four strand plait achieved by crossing four pieces of hair over each over to create a herringbone look
||The haircut is usually done with clippers using the clipper over comb technique, though it can also be cut scissor over comb or freehand with a clipper. The hair at the crown is cut from about one quarter to one half inch whilst eh barber stands behind the client. He then positions himself in front and cuts the top hair to about two inches in length and then to the desired height across the top from side to side whilst progressing back to the shorter hair at the crown. The exact lengths are dependent on skull shape and the style of flat top. Intricate cutting of the top and upper sides follow to achieve a specific inclination and squarish effect. There are many adaptations of this haircut such as the DA, horseshoe or high top fade.
||Where the hair is rolled and twisted by the hand to lay flat on the scalp
||A vigorous rubbing movement using the finger pads. It is stimulating rather than relaxing and is not always carried out. It is only done for a few minutes, working from front to back
|Full neck line
||Collar length hair
||Heated rollers; tongs; straighteners
||Includes the following:
2.1. hair density
2.2. hair texture
2.3. hair elasticity
2.4. hair porosity
2.5. hair condition
2.6. hair growth patterns
||Type 1 – Straight hair
1.1 Fine/Thin – hair tends to be very soft, shiny and oily, and it can be difficult to hold a curl.
1.2 Medium – hair has lots of volume and body.
1.3 Coarse – hair is normally extremely straight and difficult to curl.
Type 2 – Wavy hair
2.1 Fine/Thin – hair has a definite “S” pattern. Normally can accomplish various styles
2.2 Medium – hair tends to be frizzy and a little resistant to Styling.
2.3 Coarse – hair is also resistant to styling and normally very frizzy; tends to have thicker waves.
Type 3 – Curly hair
3.1 Loose curls – hair tends to have a combination texture. It can be thick and full with lots of body, with a definite “S” pattern. It also tends to be frizzy.
3.2 Tight curls – also tends to have a combination texture, with a medium amount of curl.
Type 4 – Very curly hair
4.1 Soft – hair tends to be very fragile, tightly coiled and has a more defined curly pattern.
4.2 Wiry – also very fragile and tightly coiled; however with a less defined curly pattern – has more of a “Z” pattern shape.
||Products that lighten the natural pigments in the hair without depositing artificial colour, otherwise known as bleach or pre-lighteners
|Limits of own authority
||The extent of your responsibility as determined by your own job description and workplace policies.
||Patterns created from either straight or curved lines or a combination of straight and curved lines
|Long term attachment systems
||Hair attachment systems which last six weeks plus: hot bonded or fusion; micro ring or loop; corn row based wefts; corn row plaits
|Long term hair extensions
||hair extensions which last six weeks plus: hot bonded or fusion; micro ring or loop; corn row based wefts; corn row plaits
||Guidance issued by manufacturers’ or suppliers’ of products or equipment concerning their safe and efficient use
||See Effleurage; Friction; Petrissage; Rotary; and Vibration
||These are post-relaxing treatments and shampoos. They are sometimes also known as “stabilisers” or “neutralising” products for the relaxing process
||The occipital bone is a saucer-shaped membrane bone situated at the back and lower part of the skull.
||Any facial hair that is neither a full beard or a moustache
||This includes personal hygiene; use of personal protection equipment; clothing and accessories suitable to the particular workplace.
|Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
||You are required to use and wear the appropriate protective equipment or clothing when using or working with chemicals such as colours and perms. Protective gloves and aprons are the normal requirement for these types of activities
||Slow, firm, kneading movement
||A product which is applied to the hair prior to a chemical service to even out porosity along the hair shaft
|Pulled through highlights and or lowlights
||Techniques could include: combs; spatula; cap; foil or film pull-through strips; cones
||The pull test helps evaluate excessive and or abnormal hair loss; gently pulling small sections of hair whilst sliding the fingers from root to point on at least 3 areas of the scalp. If more than 12 hairs per hand are shed, it may be an indication of an abnormal hair growth condition
||Colouring products which should be treated as permanent colours in terms of testing and future services. These products are mixed with oxidisers such as low strength hydrogen peroxide and are normally expected to last up to 12 shampoos, depending on the porosity of the hair
||Straight razor – is an old fashioned razor with a blade that can fold up into its handle. They are also called open razors and cut-throat razors.
||An individual deemed responsible for supervising you during a given task or service or the person to whom you normally report such as your line manager. In these particular Standards, it may also refer to an individual deemed responsible by the salon for specific areas and services.
||Anything used to aid the delivery and completion of the service such as towels, gowns, equipment, consumable items
||A firm circular movement using the pads of the fingers over the surface of the scalp
||Any hairdressing procedures or work rules issued by salon management
||Colour to which no oxidiser is added and which is normally expected to last up to 8 shampoos depending on the porosity of the hair
||Hair which has a fragile internal structure naturally or caused by mechanical, chemical and or environmental factors
|Short term hair extensions
||Hair extensions which last anything between 24 hours and six weeks: sewn; plaited; rings; tapes; clip in hairpieces and additions; taped weft; cold bonding (latex); wefted hair – tracks/rows; plaited corn rows
|Short term attachment systems
||Hair attachment systems which last anything between 24 hours and six weeks: sewn; plaited; rings; tapes; clip in hairpieces and additions; taped weft; cold bonding – latex; wefted hair – tracks or rows; plaited corn row
|Special advice prior to visit
||Special clothing requirements; tests required; treatments and services to avoid
|Square neck line
||This is known as a Boston
||The total destruction of micro-organisms
||This test is used in the rearranging process to establish the effect of the product on the hair and its condition, such as, the degree of straightness has been achieved before winding
|Temporary hair attachment
||Hair attachment systems which last anything between 24 hours and six weeks: sewn; plaited; rings; tapes; clip in hairpieces and additions; taped weft; cold bonding (latex); wefted hair – tracks/rows; plaited corn rows
||A test will determine if a client is suitable for a particular service such as a skin test which identifies if the client is allergic to a product or chemical. Examples include: pull; elasticity; skin; porosity
|Texturising (using chemicals)
||A method of relaxing African type hair which reduces the natural curl pattern, to leave the hair softer and more manageable. This process is carried out on hair up to 5 cms (2 inches) in length.
||The loss of hair because of excessive and or continuous tension on the hair, such as, regular wearing of extensions and plaiting
||Small clippers with smaller blades to create a closer, finer cut with more definition and detail
|Uniform layer cut
||All sections of the hair are cut to the same length with scissors
||A fine, gentle trembling movement of the tissues which is performed by your hand or fingers
||When hair is wound clockwise or anti clockwise so that the contours of the head form the finished shape of the hair